The Hummingbirds' Foundation for M.E.

The Hummingbirds' Foundation for M.E. (HFME) is fighting for the recognition of M.E.,
and for patients to be accorded the same basic human rights as those with similar
disabling and potentially fatal neurological diseases such as M.S.

M.E. myths

Because of the vast amount of inaccurate information being propagated about Myalgic Encephalomyelitis by various vested interest groups (helped immeasurably by the creation of the bogus disease category of ‘CFS’ in the 1980s as well as a number of vague and misleading umbrella terms such as ‘ME/CFS,’ ‘CFS/ME,’ ‘PVFS,’ ‘ME-CFS,’ ‘CFIDS’ and Myalgic ‘Encephalopathy’ etc.) it is not uncommon to read articles in the media composed ENTIRELY of such material. Articles which do not contain even one legitimate fact about the illness!

What follows is a list of some of the most common myths about M.E.:

MYTH: M.E. is a new illness that appeared for the first time in the 1980s
MYTH: M.E. does not occur in outbreaks or epidemics
MYTH: M.E. is an illness whose primary and defining feature is ‘chronic fatigue.’
MYTH: Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and ‘CFS’ are synonymous terms
MYTH: People suffering with chronic fatigue have mild M.E.
MYTH: All studies or articles which use the terms CFS (or ME/CFS, CFS/ME, CFIDS or Myalgic Encephalopathy) are discussing the same patient group
MYTH: Fibromyalgia and M.E. are basically (or exactly) the same illness. M.E. is also basically (or exactly) the same illness as Lyme disease, Multiple Chemical Sensitivity Syndrome and Gulf War Syndrome etc.
MYTH: M.E. is a mild illness from which every person will eventually completely recover and is never progressive or fatal
MYTH: M.E. has been scientifically proven to be caused by psychological factors. M.E. is a 'mysterious' illness with many 'medically unexplained' symptoms and seems to ‘transcend the boundaries between the body and the mind’ like no other. No research exists which shows that M.E. has a physical or organic basis
MYTH: M.E. is consequent from an organic (viral) trigger but the illness is short lived unless there are psychological and social factors which perpetuate the illness long term
MYTH: It is only recently that researchers have finally shown that M.E. has a physical or organic basis
MYTH: Only very mild abnormalities have ever been found in M.E. patients
MYTH: All laboratory tests will always come back normal in M.E. patients and so there are no tests that can be done which can confirm a suspected M.E. diagnosis. Diagnosis is extremely difficult
MYTH: M.E. is only a diagnosis of exclusion, a wastebasket diagnosis. It is not a distinct disease.
MYTH: M.E. can not be diagnosed until after 6 months have passed, M.E. is a gradual onset illness
MYTH: There are never any observable physical signs of illness in M.E.
MYTH: Research into M.E. is well funded by government
MYTH: M.E. primarily or only affects white, affluent and well-educated women
MYTH: There are no children who have M.E.
MYTH: Most people (or everyone) with M.E. has a ‘type A’ or perfectionist personality and this has caused or perpetuated the illness
MYTH: M.E. can result from becoming run down physically or is the end result of high levels of stress, long term stress or childhood trauma or abuse
MYTH: M.E. can be caused by the Epstein-Barr virus, glandular fever/mononucleosis, Q fever, HHV6 or Ross River virus
MYTH: The term Myalgic Encephalopathy is more medically accurate than the term Myalgic Encephalomyelitis and so using the term Myalgic Encephalopathy is in the best interests of authentic M.E. sufferers
MYTH: All those advocacy organisations (and individuals) which publicly state that M.E. (or ME/CFS, CFS/ME or CFIDS etc.) is not ‘all in your head’ are trustworthy and are working for the benefit all M.E. sufferers and are a good source of information about Myalgic Encephalomyelitis.
MYTH: All those who state publicly that they believe M.E. to be a purely psychological or behavioural illness are basing their stance on a comprehensive and unbiased examination of the medical evidence and actually believe what they are saying. There is a legitimate scientific debate about whether or not M.E. is ‘real’ or if it is psychological or neurological.
MYTH: It is the name CFS itself that is the cause of all the misunderstandings about the illness. If the name Myalgic Encephalomyelitis was renewed (for example) patients would automatically start to get the recognition and respect they deserve, more money for legitimate research and everything else they so desperately need
MYTH: Once we have enough hard science behind M.E. – in particular a single diagnostic marker for the illness – things will improve for M.E. sufferers and M.E. will automatically start to get the medical recognition and respect it deserves. (The problem is only that we lack enough science.)


The truth is that every one of those statements is completely untrue despite how often they have been repeated to us and presented as ‘facts.’

The problem here is not a lack of scientific evidence, but that the evidence which exists is continually ignored by many of those in positions of power who are abusing that power to further their own vested interests. This pretence of ignorance on behalf of Governments (and others) has had devastating consequences for people with M.E.

The ‘CFS’ scam is tissue thin and the evidence supporting M.E. as a serious and potentially fatal distinct neurological disease is overwhelming. These facts are very easily discovered if one merely takes a small amount of time to look at the actual evidence.

More information

To read or download an extended and fully referenced version of the above text, please see the What is M.E.? and The Myths about M.E. pages.


Additional relevant links:

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Live Support

Exciting book news!

Click here to purchase the first HFME book!


The book 'Caring For The M.E. Patient' by Jodi Bassett includes a Foreword by international M.E. expert Dr Byron Hyde.

He writes:

"There is so much false information that is picked up and disseminated it is near impossible to hold one’s head above the water and sift through this morass of misinformation. Any attempt to seek the truth is always a major difficulty. Somehow, Jodi Bassett and Hummingbird have managed to plow through this field of weeds."

"This is a book that deserves being read, not only by patients and physicians with an interest in M.E. but the bureaucrats in the USA Centers for Disease Control who have done so much damage to the understanding of M.E. I recommend her book to all and wish it every best success."

Paperback $18.95
Hardcover $22.95